Embryo research in the Middle east

Already in the 1980s medically assisted reproduction technology has been introduced in the states of North Africa and the Middle East. Now it is available in all states of this region; it is widely practiced, and couples make great use of it. But human embryo research is carried out in only a few Islamic states of the Middle East, e. g. in Iran and Turkey, where even human embryonic stem cell research programmes have been successfully established. As Islam is commonly presented and regarded as a research-friendly religion, allowing abortion and not granting the human embryo an absolute status, the question arises whether this liberality is in accordance with the view of contemporary Islamic scholars and whether is has effects on the legislation of Middle Eastern Islamic states.